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          The first steps in the field of the tele-transmission of images were undertaken towards the end of the 19th century, after the investigation of photoelectric phenomena. The tele-transmission of static phenomena is dated back to 1863 and is due to Italian Giovani Caselli. The device made by him, known as pantelegraph, was improved in France (1867) and launched on the Paris-Marseille line.
          The principle of the decomposition of image into dots was elaborated by Carey in 1875. He designed the first device allowing the electric emission-reception of the static image and for this purpose he used 2500 elements of Selenium whose properties had just been discovered in 1873.
          The American Sylvanus Savier, observing the persistence of images on the retina in their rapid succession, proposed an exploring system for the successive transmission point by point. One step further was made by the French Constantin Senlecq who proposed a rotative switch for the rapid and successive transmission on a single wire of the signals provided by the photoelectric elements.
          In 1884, Paul Gottlieb Nipkov built a device for the decomposition of the image upon its emission and respectiveley the re-composition upon its reception with the help of a disk with milimetric perforations arranged in spirals. The disk was spinning at a constant speed so that the whole image was explored within a complete rotation. In 1923, the Scottish engineer John Baird (1888-1946) obtained the license for the use of the Nipkov disk in a so-called mechanic television system The first successful transmission took place on 26 January 1926, in front of the members of the Royal Institute of London. It was also Baird who, in 1928, made the first TV transmission over the Atlantic Ocean.
          Although the cathode tube was invented by Karl Ferdinand Braun in 1897, its use in television was inaugurated only much later, around 1939. In the meantime, electronic tubes were improved and thus enabled the amplification of the emitted or received signal. The first video camera was the achievement of an American of Russian origin, named Vladimir Kosma Zworykin (1889-1982). Zworykin imagined an electronic procedure for image recording and this resulted in the creation of the iconoscope, licensed in 1923. The iconoscope was tested in the RCA laboratories and had an improved variant, the super-iconoscope, which was successfully used in practice. It was applied in the experimental emissions carried out by RCA and NBC from the top of the Empire State Building in New York in 1936.
          The first regular television emissions were transmitted by BBC applying the mechanical procedure perfected by John Baird. The first genuine television station was built up in Berlin, Germany, in 1935, with the occasion of the Olympic Games. In 1936, the USA chose the 441 line-television system. In England, the first television reportage was carried out live in 1937, occasioned by the coronation festivity of King George VI.
          Colour television was being experimented ever since 1928 by John Baird. In 1949, David Sarnoff (USA.) achieved the first colour tube at RCA and in 1953 the NTSC system was adopted. In France, in 1956, Henri de France presented the SECAM procedure and in 1962 the German Walter Bruch completed the PAL system. The first broadcastings in the SECAM and Pal systems took place in 1967.

          The Television Section traces the evolution of television, desplayinh both graphic panels and original items, such as: the first television receivers ever used in Romania, fully equipped reportage cabin, and a telecinema E.M.I. installation made in England.
          In Romania, television penetrated quite late. On 14 November 1937, a demonstrative conference arranged at the Romanian Athenaeum assured the framework for the presentation of the first Romanian achievement in the field of television: an image emitter made in the laboratory of the Science Faculty of Bucharest. The first experimental television station was made by a team directed by prof. Alexandru Spataru of the Central Laboratory for Telecommunication Research in Bucharest. On 23 August 1955, the experimental station started broadcasting regularly for the few tens TV sets existing at the moment in Bucharest. At the end of the same year, the Television Center of Bucharest was inaugurated, being endowed with Soviet equipment. In 1964, the first colour television demonstrations using the SECAM system took place, but it was only in 1972 that the emission station of the Television Studio became operational.
          In 1964, the “Electronica” Enterprise produced the first TV set designed and prepared by the local specialists: E43-110, being followed by TV sets Dacia, Miraj and many other hybrid types, with transistors and integrated circuits, while the first colour TV-sets were created in 1983.

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